Despite being known internationally as the “Tropical Country,” the presence of eight different climates and nine major vegetation types provided Brazil with the greatest biodiversity of fauna and flora in the world, which represents approximately 20% of the diverse life forms on the planet.
The Amazon, which has 60% of its forests in Brazil, together with the Atlantic Forest, are responsible for the higher concentration of most ecosystems, plants and micro-organisms in the country. Overall, it is estimated that there are over 103,000 species of vegetables growing and 43 to 49 thousand species of plants, located in the country which has 12% of the total water resources of the planet. Moreover, each year, 700 new species of animals are discovered in Brazil.
Unfortunately, the small amount of investments in basic research and new product development leads to poor participation of such biodiversity in the Brazilian economy, in which the forestry sector represents just over 1% and fishing 0.4% to Brazil’s GDP.
An alarming problem the country faces is the process of extinction, which despite being considered as a natural process, is enhanced by humankind, with the main causes in the degradation of natural environments, disorderly extraction, urban expansion, pollution, fires and other causes. Currently, 627 Brazilian species are threatened, of which half of them are protected in conservation areas and around 33% are included in the action plans of the Brazilian government. However, seven Brazilian species are now considered extinct, previously found in the Atlantic Forest – the most devastated biome of Brazil.
Do you know the species in the process of extinction? What about the extinct ones?