Did you know that Istanbul is the only city in the world built on two continents? Yes it is true. Maybe it is not the most amazing fact for Turkish people (because they are taught about this fact from an early age). Istanbul, a bridge between East and West, Asia and Europe, is also known as Constantinople .It is the largest city in Turkey and the fifth largest city in the world with a population of 12.5 million. In its tremendous history, Istanbul has been a place for capital cities of the Roman Empire, the Byzantines and the Latin Empire, and the Ottoman Empire (1453–1922). Surprisingly today, Ankara is the capital city of Turkey, not Istanbul.
The Turks were the first people to bring coffee to Europe. Austria was the first place they brought it when their army surrounded Vienna in 1683. The Ottoman Turks got coffee from Yemen in the late 15th century in the period of Suleiman the Magnificent and opened the first coffeehouses in Istanbul. That marked the beginning of the Turkish coffee tradition. If we take a deeper look at today’s daily life, we can see that the image of coffee drinking has changed a lot. There is now world-wide competition between coffee brands.
The third fact is a specific one. People who have been in Istanbul may know the historical building of Sirkeci Train Station. This was the last stop of the Simplon-Orient Express – “kings of trains and train of kings” – between Paris and Constantinople (Istanbul) from 1883 to 1977. Agatha Christie was one of the passengers of this famous train.