The language of a nation is certainly one of the main forms of identification of its people. Its learning is one of the tools of communication that most approximates the countries, thus allowing tournaments, competitions and celebrations to be held jointly and transmitted around the globe. This month, another edition of the second largest sporting event in the world ended, with the participation of 150 countries and 4,200 Paralympians in London, England.
As a result of the work of the German neurologist Ludwig Guttmann started in the 1940s, which introduced the practice of sports in the rehabilitation of disabled veterans of World War II, two groups of paraplegic archers participated in the first competition in 1948. Four years later the event became international when the Dutch athletes also competed. In 1960, athletes from 23 countries competed in events exclusively for wheelchair users.
In 1976 the visually impaired, amputees and athletes with spinal cord injury participated in the competition, bringing together 40 countries and 1600 athletes. As a result of the difficulty of defining what would be the “mental disability”, the category was discontinued and then was reassumed to the Event in 2004. As this sports competition took great proportions, the classification only by medical criteria as originally made became insufficient. The evaluation by the functional aspect began to be used, taking into account how much disability impacted the performance of the athlete: muscle strength, coordination, range of motion and limb length began to be used in the classification.
In its next edition, Rio de Janeiro will host the Paralympics, with two new categories: canoeing and triathlon. With the best performance in history, the Brazilians won the seventh place with 43 medals in 2012, highlighting the swimmer Daniel Dias, who won six events out of the six in which he competed. Check out the performance of Brazil at the end of the Paralympics:
How was the performance of the athletes from your country? Any athlete who stood out?